xiao



[Chin.]


CLASSIFICATION: 

Aerophone, End-blown flute, Vertical flute, Wind instrument Western Equivalent flute

HISTORY:  
The xiao, also known as dongxiao, is made of bamboo and originated over 2000 years ago. It was some time during the Tang and Sung Dynasty when the vertically-played flutes were categorized as xiao and those horizontally-played flutes as dizi.
PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: 
The xiao is often made from a nine-joint black bamboo with six finger holes, five at the front and one at the rear, and other 2-4 air holes at the lower end.
SOUND PROPERTIES: 
Its sound is gentle and sweet which makes it most suitable for playing lyrical melodies.
RANGE:  

The xiao typically comes in one of two keys. In the key of G, the range is d1-e3. In the key of F, the range is c1-d3.


 Xiao 
 Xiao 
 Photo courtesy of Lark In The Morning

 

See also Bangdi (piccolo); Gudi (flute); Qudi (flute); Dizi (transverse flute); Di (transverse flute); Xiao (vertical flute); Dongxiao (same as xiao).


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