texture



[Eng.]


Term which refers to the vertical structure of a composition. That is to say, how many parts or voices there are, what the configuration (close, open, etc.) of the voices is, how the voices interact, etc.


SUGGESTED LISTENING EXAMPLES:

Texture, combined:
Bizet: L'arlésienne Suite No. 2. "Farandole" (concluding section)
W. W. Norton - 4-CD Musical Example Bank -- Disc 1, Track 24

Texture, contrapuntal:
Vivaldi: Concerto Grosso in D minor, Op. 11, No. 3, III
W. W. Norton - 4-CD Musical Example Bank -- Disc 1, Track 21
Bach: Brandenburg Concerto No. 4 in G major, BWV 1049, III
W. W. Norton - 4-CD Musical Example Bank -- Disc 2, Track 63
Beethoven: String Quartet in C major, Op. 59, No. 3 (Razumovsky), IV
W. W. Norton - 4-CD Musical Example Bank -- Disc 1, Track 23
Gabrieli: Hodie Christus natus est
W. W. Norton - 4-CD Musical Example Bank -- Disc 2, Track 49
Mahler: Symphony No. 1 in D major, III
W. W. Norton - 4-CD Musical Example Bank -- Disc 1, Track 28
Mozart: Requiem in D minor, K. 626, Dies Irae, "Quantus tremor"
W. W. Norton - 4-CD Musical Example Bank -- Disc 3, Track 8
Palestrina: Missa in Festis Apostolorum I, "Agnus Dei"
W. W. Norton - 4-CD Musical Example Bank -- Disc 2, Track 42

Texture, homophonic:
Bach: Cantata No. 140, Wachet auf, BWV 140, Chorale
W. W. Norton - 4-CD Musical Example Bank -- Disc 2, Track 58
Dvořák: Symphony No. 9 in E minor, Op. 95 (From the New World), II
W. W. Norton - 4-CD Musical Example Bank -- Disc 1, Track 35
Grieg: Peer Gynt Suite, Op. 46, No. 1, "Åse's Death"
W. W. Norton - 4-CD Musical Example Bank -- Disc 1, Track 67
Mozart: Piano Concerto No. 21 in C major, K. 467, II (piano entrance)
W. W. Norton - 4-CD Musical Example Bank -- Disc 1, Track 4
Musorgsky: Pictures at an Exhibition, "Great Gate of Kiev" (conclusion)
W. W. Norton - 4-CD Musical Example Bank -- Disc 2, Track 22
Shostakovich: Ballet Suite No. 1, "Music Box Waltz"
W. W. Norton - 4-CD Musical Example Bank -- Disc 2, Track 20
Sibelius: Finlandia, Op. 26 (main theme, strings)
W. W. Norton - 4-CD Musical Example Bank -- Disc 1, Track 8

Texture, monophonic:
Khatchaturian: Gayne Suite No. 2, Adagio
W. W. Norton - 4-CD Musical Example Bank -- Disc 1, Track 19
Debussy: Syrinx
W. W. Norton - 4-CD Musical Example Bank -- Disc 1, Track 52
Gregorian Chant: Psalm 94, "Venite, exsultemus Domino"
W. W. Norton - 4-CD Musical Example Bank -- Disc 2, Track 36
Gregorian Chant: Whitsunday Mass, "Alleluia, Emitte spiritum"
W. W. Norton - 4-CD Musical Example Bank -- Disc 2, Track 37
Miyazaki: Shimabara No Komoriutta
W. W. Norton - 4-CD Musical Example Bank -- Disc 1, Track 20

Texture, Oriental (East Asian):
Miyazaki: Shimabara No Komoriutta
W. W. Norton - 4-CD Musical Example Bank -- Disc 1, Track 20

Texture, polyphonic:
Bach: Chorale Prelude for Organ, Wachet auf, BWV 645 (second phrase)
W. W. Norton - 4-CD Musical Example Bank -- Disc 1, Track 22
Rimsky-Korsakov: Capriccio espagnol, Op. 34, "Fandango asturiano" (middle section)
W. W. Norton - 4-CD Musical Example Bank -- Disc 2, Track 23
Shostakovich: Ballet Suite No. 1, "Music Box Waltz"
W. W. Norton - 4-CD Musical Example Bank -- Disc 2, Track 20
Stravinsky: Pastorale
W. W. Norton - 4-CD Musical Example Bank -- Disc 2, Track 7

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