stile concitato
(STEE-lay cohn-chee-TAH-toe)


[It., agitated style]


A name given to a musical style expressing anger and agitation by Claudio Monteverdi. Monteverdi thought that there should be three styles of music to portray the three basic emotions: the concitato style for anger, the molle style for softness and sweetness, and the temperato style for modesty and humility. The stile concitato introduced effects such as rapid repeated notes as symbols of passion.


SUGGESTED LISTENING EXAMPLE:

Monteverdi: L'incoronazione di Poppea, Act III, Scene 3, "Innocente son io"
W. W. Norton - 4-CD Musical Example Bank -- Disc 2, Track 56

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