The soprano member of the family of wind instruments invented by Adolphe Sax in 1840. The soprano saxophone (soprano sax) is made of brass with a tapered bore. It has a single reed similar to a clarinet and a fingering system is based on that of the oboe. The soprano saxophone is a common instrument in saxophone ensembles. It is used occasionally in concert and symphonic bands, and often as the solo instrument in rock, and jazz genres.
The common saxophone family (from highest to lowest pitch) consists of the soprano saxophone, alto saxophone, tenor saxophone, baritone saxophone, and bass saxophone.
See also [Eng.] soprano saxophone; [Fr.] saxophone soprano (m); [Ger.] Sopransaxophon (n); [It.] sassofono soprano (m); [Sp.] saxofón soprano (m); [Abbr.] soprano sax; [Abbr.] sop. sax.