A family of wind instruments invented by Adolphe Sax in 1840. The saxophone has a single reed similar to a clarinet, but is made of brass; the bore is tapered; the fingering system is based on that of the oboe. The saxophone has become a popular band instrument, and occasionally is used in the orchestra. Where the saxophone has earned the most fame, however, is in jazz and rock music.
The common Saxophone family (from highest to lowest pitch) consists of the soprano saxophone, alto saxophone, tenor saxophone, baritone saxophone, and bass saxophone.
See also [Eng.] saxophone; [Fr.] saxophone (m); [Ger.] Saxophon (n); [It.] sassofono (m); [Sp.] saxofón (m); [Sp.] saxofóno (m); [Abbr.] sax.