A popular Medieval and Renaissance instrument, in use from the 13th to the 17th century. The shawm has a widely conical bore and is made of wood. It has a double reed and a particularly loud, rough, nasal tone. The shawm was made in seven sizes and preceded the oboe. They were used in civil ceremonies, and in bands.
See also [Eng.] shawm; [Fr.] pipeau (m); [Fr.] chalumeau (m); [Ger.] Schalmei (f); [Ger.] Hirtenpfeife (f); [It.] cennamella (f); [It.] ciaramella (f).