Requiem Mass
(re-KWEE-um mas)


[Eng.]


The Mass for the Dead; it takes its name from the opening words of the Introit, Requiem aeternam dona eis, Domine, meaning, "Rest eternal grant to them, Lord." The current form of the Requiem Mass was established by Pope Pius V in 1570 and the only significant change took place in 1972 when the Dies irae sequence was removed. The Requiem Mass is typically sung on November 2, All Souls' Day for all deceased, however, can be sung at any time in memory of a specific person. It can be sung on the day of burial, and on the third, seventh and 30th days after interment.

The Requiem Mass is a Proper Mass that omits certain, more joyful sections (Gloria, Credo and Alleluia) and adds other sections with a more somber nature. The following sequences may be included:
Introit (Requiem Aeternam)
Kyrie Eleison
Lacrimosa
Dies Irae
Domine Jesu (Offertorium)
Sanctus
Benedictus
Pie Jesu
Agnus Dei
Lux Aeternum
Libera Me
In Paradisum

See also [Eng.] requiem mass; [Eng.] mass for the dead; [Fr.] messe des morts (f); [Ger.] Totenmesse (f); [Ger.] Requiem (n); [It.] messa dei defunti (f); [It.] Requiem (m); [It.] messa di Requiem (f).


Table of musical translations


SUGGESTED LISTENING EXAMPLES:

Requiem Mass, Classical:
Mozart: Requiem in D minor, K 626, Dies Irae, "Quantus tremor"
W. W. Norton - 4-CD Musical Example Bank -- Disc 3, Track 8

Requiem Mass, Romantic:
Verdi: Requiem, Dies Irae

W. W. Norton - 4-CD Musical Example Bank -- Disc 3, Track 28

| Dictionary Home | Dictionary Appendix |