piano
(pee-AH-noe)


[It.]


  1. A modern keyboard instrument that produces sounds by hammers striking strings. These hammers are activated by keys, depressed by the performer's fingers. The piano is equipped with a pedal that controls the dampers which stop the vibration of the strings. When the pedal is pressed by the performer's foot, the dampers are lifted from the strings, and the strings are allowed to vibrate freely. Another pedal softens the volume of the piano. The piano is an extremely popular instrument in Classical, Romantic, Post-Romantic, Modern, Jazz, Pop, Rock, and Folk music.

    Also Baby Grand Piano, Grand Piano, Upright Piano.

  2. Dynamic marking meaning quiet. A directive to a musician to perform a certain passage softly (abbreviated p).

 

Upright Piano

Photo courtesy of Steinway & Sons

 
     
 

Baby Grand Piano

Photo courtesy of Steinway & Sons

 
     
 

Grand Piano (Concert Grand Piano)

Photo courtesy of Steinway & Sons

 


More about dynamic markings - More about instruments


SUGGESTED LISTENING EXAMPLES:

Chopin: Prelude in E minor, Op. 28, No. 4
W. W. Norton - 4-CD Musical Example Bank -- Disc 1, Track 16
Beethoven: Sonata No. 8 in C minor, Op. 13 (Pathétique), I
W. W. Norton - 4-CD Musical Example Bank -- Disc 1, Track 34
Strauss: Burleske in D minor for Piano and Orchestra
W. W. Norton - 4-CD Musical Example Bank -- Disc 2, Track 14
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No. 1 in B-flat minor, Op. 23, III
W. W. Norton - 4-CD Musical Example Bank -- Disc 2, Track 24

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