Also called "Old Roman chant", this is one of the earliest surviving styles of music in Western Europe attributed to Pope Gregory the Great. Gregory probably had little to do with the surviving chant, as the chants that survive in manuscripts date from the 11th to the 13th centuries, and Gregory died in the year 604. The surviving chants are modal with monophonic melodies with freely-flowing, unmeasured vocal lines. Most chants belong to the Mass or to the daily offices.
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