The bass member of the family of wind instruments invented by Adolphe Sax in 1840. The bass saxophone (bass sax) is made of brass with a tapered bore. It has a single reed similar to a clarinet and a fingering system is based on that of the oboe. The bass saxophone is relatively rare but is a common instrument in saxophone ensembles. It is used occasionally in concert and symphonic bands, and sometimes as the bass instrument in Dixieland jazz.
The common saxophone family (from highest to lowest pitch) consists of the soprano saxophone, alto saxophone, tenor saxophone, baritone saxophone, and bass saxophone.
See also [Eng.] bass saxophone; [Fr.] saxophone basse (m); [Ger.] Basssaxophon (n); [It.] sassofono basso (m); [Sp.] saxofón bajo (m); [Abbr.] bass sax.