The alto member of the family of wind instruments invented by Adolphe Sax in 1840. The alto saxophone (alto sax) is made of brass with a tapered bore. It has a single reed similar to a clarinet and a fingering system is based on that of the oboe. The alto saxophone is a common instrument in saxophone ensembles, concert and symphonic bands, big bands, and often as a solo instrument in rock, Rock n' Roll, rhythm and blues, and jazz genres.
See also soprano saxophone, alto saxophone, tenor saxophone, baritone saxophone, bass saxophone.
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