Comprehensive Table of Musical Instrument Classifications

Based on the Hornbostel-Sachs Instrument Classification System

Musical Instrument Identification Quizzes - Modern Instruments and their Families

Aerophones
(Wind Instruments - Vibrating air)

Chordophones
(Stringed Instruments - Vibrating strings)

Idiophones
(Vibrating Instruments)
Membranophones
(Vibrating Membrane Instruments)
Electrophones
(Electronically Created Sounds)
Free Aerophones
Free Aerophones
(Moving object vibrates air to create sound)
    Bull-roarer
Buzzer
Free Reed Aerophones
(Vibrating reeds without resonators)
    Accordion
Harmonica
Harmonium
Mouth Organ
Sheng

Flutes (Flue Voiced)
(Air column split by lip of of the instrument)
Open Tube
  End Blown Single Flutes
    Kaval
  End Blown Multiple Flutes
    Panpipes
  Whistle Blown
   

Boatswains Whistle
Flageolet
Recorder

  Side Blown
    Flute (transverse)
Closed Tube
  Ocarina
Keyboard
    Organ

Reedpipes
(Vibration of reeds)
Double Pipes
Triple Pipes
Hornpipes
Bladder pipe
    Crumhorn
Bagpipes
    Musette
Shawm
    Oboe
    English Horn
Rackett
    Sordone
Sordun
Bassanelli
Bassoon
    Curtal
    Bassoon
    Contrabassoon
    High-pitched Bassoon
    Single-reed Bassoon

Sarrusophone
Single-reed Reedpipes

    Clarinet
    Saxophone
Free-reed Aerophones
     

Lip Vibrated Aerophones- (Vibration of Lips)
Horn
Fingerhole Horns
    Cornett
Serpent
Trumpet
(Conical Bore)
    Alphorn
Bugle
Cornet
Flugelhorn
(Cylindrical Bore)
    Euphonium
Sousaphone
Trombone
Tuba
     




 
Zithers
Ground Zithers
Musical Bows
  Aeolian Bows
Pluriare
Stick Zithers
  Vinã
Bladder and String
Raft Zither
Trough Zither
Frame Zither
Tube Zither
Board Zither
Long Zither
  Individually Bridged Long Zither
Fretted Long Zither
Box Zither
  Monochord
String Drum
Trumpet Marine
Psaltery
Aeolian Harp
Fretted Zither
Bell Harp
    Autoharp
Dulcimer
Zither

Keyboard Chordophones
Keyboard
  Experimental Keyboard
Transposing Keyboard
Chekker
Dulce Melos
Clavichord
  Cimbal d'amour
Harpsichord
  Clavicytherium
Gut-strung Harpsichords &
Enharmonic Harpsichords
Spinet
Virginal
Claviorganum
Piano-organ
Bowed Keyboard Instruments
  Pianoforte
   Harpsichord Piano
Tangent Piano
Sustaining Piano
Pedalboard Piano
Enharmonic Piano
Player Piano
    Fortepiano
Piano
  
  Lyres
  Lyre
Crwth

  Harps
Ground Bows
Harps
  Harp
Harp Zither
Harp Lute

Lutes
Long-necked Lute
Short-necked Lute
Archlute
  Theorbo
Theorbo Lute
Chitarrone
Angelica

Mandora
Mandolin
Sitar

Cittern

  Archcittern
Bandora
 

Orpharion
Penorcon
Polyphant
Balalaika
Charango
Colascione

Guitar
  Gittern
Vihuela
Spanish Guitar
Bass Guitar
Bandurria
Ukulele
Organistrum (hurdy-gurdy)

Bowed Chordophones
Bow
Fiddle
Rebec
  Kit
Folk Rebec
Polnische Geige
Lira da Braccio
  Lira da Gamba
Viola da Gamba
Violone
Baryton
Viola
  Violino d'amore
Violin
  Viola
Tenor Violin
Violoncello (cello)
Double Bass
     
Concussion Idiophones
Clappers
  Claves
Slapstick
Castanets
  Castanets
Cymbals
  Cymbals

Percussion Idiophones

Stamped Idiophones
Percussion Beams

  Marimba
Bell Lyre
Celesta
Gender
Glockenspiel
Orchestra Bells
Saron
Vibraphone
Percussion Disks
  Gong
Percussion Sticks
  Triangles
    Xylophone
  Crystallophones
Lithophones
Metallophone
Percussion Tubes
 

Stamping Tubes
Slit Drums
Tubular Bells & Chimes
Angklung

Percussion Vessels
  Percussion Gourds & Pots
The Echeion
Steel Drums
Bells
    Temple Blocks
Wood Block

Shaken Idiophones (Rattles)
Vessel Rattles
  Pellet Bells
  Gourd Rattles
    Maracas
  Basketry Rattles
Hollow Ring Rattles
Suspension Rattles
 

Stick Rattles
Sistrum
Strung Rattles

Frame, Pendant, and Sliding Rattles
  Sistro

Scraped Idiophones
Scrapers
  Güiro
Cog Rattles
 

Cog Rattle
Ratchet
Washboard


Split Idiophone
     

Plucked Idiophones
  Jew's Harp
Thumb Piano
  Music Box
Sansa
Mbira

Friction Idiophones
Friction Sticks
Friction-bar Pianos
Friction Vessels
  Musical Glasses
Glass Armonica
Musical Saw
     


    

 

 

Predrum Membranophones
Ground drums
Pot drums

Tubular Drums
Frame Drums
Shallow Drums
Cylinder Drums
Hourglass Drums
Conical Drums
Goblet Drums
Barrel Drums
Rattle Drums
Water Drums
Drum Kit / Drum Set
Talking Drums
Drum Chimes
  Bass Drum
Bongos
Conga
Snare Drum
Tenor Drum
Timbales
Tom-tom

Kettledrums
  Timpani

Friction Drums
     

Mirliton
  Kazoo
     

 

Synthesizers
  Moog
Theremin
Ondes Martenot
Trautonium