Virginia Tech Multimedia Music Dictionary Composer Biographies

Carl Maria von Weber

Born: November 18 1786 in Eutin, Germany
Died: June 5, 1826 in London, England
Nationality: German
Era: Romantic
Main genre: Opera Music, Orchestral Music, Chamber Music
Main works:
Opera Music:
Der Freischütz
Abu Hassan
Die Drei Pintos (completed by Gustav Mahler)
Orchestral Music:
2 Clarinet Concertos
Bassoon Concerto
Konzertstück for Piano and Orchestra
Jübel Ouvertüre
Chamber Music:
6 Violin Sonatas
Clarinet Quintet
Brief biography:

Carl Maria von Weber, known as the Father of German Romanticism. He was part of the merging of classisism and romanticism during the times of Beethoven and Schubert. He studied in Salzburg, Munich, and Vienna. In 1804, he became the Kapellmeister at Breslau and worked at various locations composing concerts and operas between 1806-1813. After motivation from his friends and the successes of his compositions, he became the opera director in Prague from 1813-1816. While in Prague, Carl Maria von Weber revamped the theatre's operations and formed a core for the German company. He focused on works for the company that would keep with the German operatic tradition. He was appointed as the Royal Saxon Kapellmeister at Dresden due to the success of his opera, Der Freischütz.

After realizing his declining health, Carl Maria von Weber composed Oberon for London, which was met with enthusiasm. Even with medical attention, he died from tuberculosis in 1826 at 39 years old.

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